Golovec — the ancient Slavic holiday dedicated to the Day of the beheading of John the Baptist. During its existence there were many traditions that are revered to this day.
In the name of the feast is an allusion to the biblical event, which is devoted to this day. 11 September 2017 believers will remember what happened during the arrival of the Savior to the promised land and how it relates to the Church feast of the beheading of John the Baptist and the emergence of the Slavic celebration of Goloveshek.
The day of the beheading of John the Baptist
Throughout September 11, Christians remember the martyrdom the execution of the prophet John the Baptist. The events of that day describe the terrible picture of human rigidity and anger toward the righteous person. John the Baptist was put in prison, and a year later executed.
The Orthodox Church honors the tradition and annually pays tribute to Saint John. 11 September is held the divine service and observed a strict fast. Gain strength prayers to the preacher, and religious people remember the Martyr with love and sorrow in my heart.
Golovec — day folk calendar among the Slavs
Almost all Slavic holidays are the result of the mixing of pagan beliefs and Christianity.
John the Baptist after Christianity became an important figure in the worldview of the people. Pagan holiday, fallen on September 11, was combined with Church celebrations and encompasses a variety of traditions, customs, and accept — as the popular and associated with biblical events.
The name of John the Baptist were closely linked to the departing summer. Recalls her life the Baptist and his terrible ordeal, people are simultaneously met autumn, saying goodbye to the warm summer days.
The customs and rituals of the holiday
The people of September 11 was considered the end of summer and beginning of autumn. Throughout the day observed strict fasting and rest from hard work. This was done in order not to harm personal health.
In Goloveshek were forbidden to walk in the woods. It was believed that on this day evil spirits of the fields, rivers and forests are transformed into snakes roam in search of rocks to hide under the ground.
Golovocheva in a pagan culture — a terrible holiday. Popular belief warned that everyone born 11 September was doomed for a miserable life. Wounds and scratches, obtained by chance, symbolized the beginning of a black strip. Day of the week on which fell the triumph, was considered unfortunate throughout the year. Our ancestors were not appointed anything important, not cutting out the clothes and even combed hair.
Taboo lay all that is somehow reminiscent of the punishment of the great prophet John, head, blood, dish, sword, axe.
The feast of the beheading was not possible to use in common parlance, anything round, especially plates, dishes and trays. According to biblical tradition, the Baptist’s head was donated to the Salome, the Jewish Princess, on a huge dish.
For the arrival of guests was long a tradition to bake cakes.
Our ancestors did not consume rounded fruits and vegetables. Because they are, at least vaguely, but still resembled a head.
Prohibits the use of sharp objects: axe, scythe, knife, sword, hammer. The belief was that during the year, the severed head of John the Baptist is reunited with the body, in the form of to him, and Woe to those who will have something to cut. Because then the head will again disappear, and the person received traditions, will overtake a series of failures.
Red food and drinks was also prohibited, because they remind us of the blood of the Holy prophet. Once believed otherwise soon the house will be shed someone’s blood.
At this time, no one danced and sang, because his dance Salome begged the Baptist’s head as a gift.
Lunar spots, which appear at this time, symbolically related to the head of John, watching the rebellious people.
Until the mid 19th century in Russia was carried out the symbolic ritual of the funeral, timed to the day of memory of St. John the Baptist. The whole neighborhood gathered in the center of the city or County where the advance was brought to a clay doll. A distinctive feature of the dolls was the lack of a head and high human growth. Headless Scarecrow silently and slowly carried to the river two young women, the rest of the inhabitants were on the heels with their heads bowed. Near the shore the doll’s funeral, wailing and lamenting how close the deceased person. Then the strong young men with a flourish threw it in the river. The doll symbolized the late John, which was won by the dark forces.In popular culture a lot of holidays that are closely associated with the Orthodox celebrations. Golovec is no exception: the history of the festival goes back to the day of the execution of John the Baptist. On 11 September we need to think about a bright and righteous life of a great Baptist, devoting himself to prayer and fasting. We wish you peace in your soul. Be happy